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Jiang Weitao

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Jiang Weitao: Art Documents

Exhibition Venue: Red Gate Gallery
Exhibition Dates: July, 2007

 

Essay: The Harmonic Abstraction of Jiang Weitao

 

Jiang Weitao asserts his commitment to abstraction and describes his natural arrival at it within the context of traditional Chinese arts. In his essay, he discusses the philosophical link between Chinese calligraphy, painting and poetry. This trinity of expression, known as san jue, or the ‘three perfect things,’ is a concept acknowledged by contemporary art historians as one of the keys to understanding Chinese artists’ approach to abstraction. Jiang states that these three art forms “inherited the same spirit,” and that “[t]hey all intend to represent complexity with simplicity, concrete with abstract.”

The writings of contemporary Chinese art historian Wen Fong substantiate Jiang’s explanation of this uniquely Chinese approach to abstraction: “Because the key to Chinese painting is calligraphic brushwork, the integrity and cohesion of Chinese art theory and the practice of calligraphy are based not on the priority of either representation or nonrepresentation but on the essential harmony between the two.” Jiang is clear to state that his interest does not lie in “external forms” (i.e., representation), but rather in harmonies between “individual spirit and environment, stillness and movement, forward and reverse…” His attention to this harmony reflects Daoist principles, which often emerge in theoretical assessments of modern and contemporary Chinese abstraction.

Whereas twentieth-century Western abstraction completely rejected representation in favour of pure formalism, Chinese artists resist being so doctrinaire. The influential American art critic Clement Greenberg almost single-handedly established draconian approaches to abstraction as he championed the Abstract Expressionists in the 1950s. For Greenberg (and, as a result, for an entire generation of painters in the mid-twentieth century), painting could not have any connection to the forms of the real world. Painters such as Jackson Pollack and Mark Rothko embodied these notions in their two-dimensional, insistently nonrepresentational canvases. The formal elements of line and colour where emphasised, and these aspects became the subject matter itself.

Jiang, like many Chinese artists, is more interested in creating a harmony between his abstract world and the natural world.
Tally Beck

At other times, he delicately traces the sensual curves of a vine or a nautilus shell. All of his forms embody the idea of complex balance that is central to Buddhism and indeed to the universe itself.

 

In his Art Documents, he demonstrates his unique reconciliation of formal elements as an expression of balance. What makes his work outstanding and engaging is his successful combination of this reconciliation with a painterly atmosphere of dynamism and vibrancy.

Many of his compositions are dominated by an emphatic horizontality or verticality. With this salient characteristic, we may be prompted to recall Piet Mondrian and his commitment to the resolution of these two visual opposites, but Jiang’s vision does not have the Mondrianesque rigidity. Instead, Jiang’s linear construction is organic and gestural and imbued with energy. His forms sometimes resemble bamboo segments, scales, and lozenge-like forms, but nothing recognizable emerges.

Longer examination and consideration by the viewer will reveal underlying patterns. Here, again, we can appreciate the intricate construction of his canvases. What he achieves is not a dizzying optical effect, but a subtle, relaxed emergence of another visual layer beneath the glossy surface mosaic of flowing fragments.

The tension created by his geometric frameworks is dissipated by the softness of intervening forms and by the gentle bath of delicate colour blends surrounding jewel tones. Indeed, Jiang is a master colourist in the tradition of Henri Matisse. His saturated palette and handling of gradations are an emotional journey in their own right.

The harmony that Jiang strives for resonates in his compositions. While he deliberately avoids representation, we can still find evidence of organic forms in his works. This incorporation attaches his abstraction to our world. In that sense, it is very different from the nonrepresentational, subjective experiments of Western abstraction. The painter Wu Guanzhong summed up this difference with a charming analogy in reference to his own abstract tendencies: “I believe that nonobjective art is like a kite with a broken string. The string that connects the kite to life has been severed; that which links it to emotion and to the karma of the world is broken off….I shall always prefer my kite to a kite with a broken string.” The emotion and karma Wu speaks of are alive and well in Art Documents, and they place Jiang firmly in the tradition of the great Chinese abstractionists.

 

Tally Beck, Beijing

July, 2007

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蒋巍涛 Jiang Weitao

 

1975          

Born in Shanghai

2001 

Graduated from the Department of Oil Painting, College of Fine Arts, Shanghai University

2006

Red Gate Gallery Residency Program

Present

Lives and works in Shanghai

 

Solo Exhibition

2012          

Memory by Li Xiaofeng, The Opposite House, Beijing

2011

New Haven, Studio Rouge, Shanghai

2007

Vortex, Studio Rouge, Shanghai

 

 Art Document, 798 / Red Gate Gallery

2006

Shanghai Rhapsody, Studio Rouge, Shanghai

2005

Subconsciously, Studio Rouge

2004

Subconsciousness, Dianbo Gallery, Shanghai

 

Group Exhibitions

2012                

  Two Generations - 20 Years of Chinese Contemporary Art 2012 Australian Tour: City of Sydney Chinese New Year; Manning Regional Gallery; Damien Minton Gallery; University of Newcastle Gallery; Melbourne International Fine Arts (MiFA); Linton & Kay, Perth

2011      

 

20 Years - Two Generations of Artists at Red Gate, Red Gate Gallery

2008

 

Asian contemporary Art Fair, New York

 

 

Red Gate Stars, Red Gate Gallery

 

 

Different Perspectives, 798 / Red Gate Gallery

2007

 

Asian Contemporary Art Fair, Pier 92, New York

 

   Altered States, Red Gate Gallery

 

  Young Artists of Excellence, Xu Hui Art Museum, Shanghai

2006

 

2006 New Shanghai: Young Artists’ Exhibition, Duolun Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai

 

  Color Your Life, Six Artists Exhibition, The Tolman Collection, Tokyo

2005

  Black on White, Studio Rouge

 

  8 Faces, Zhu Qizhan Art Museum, Shanghai

2003          

  Shanghai Spring Art Salon, Shanghai Everbright Convention & Exhibition Center

2002

 

Celebrating the 80th Anniversary of the Foundation of the Chinese Communist Party, Shanghai Art Museum

2001                            

 

Shanghai Art Exhibition, Shanghai Art Museum

                       

 

Shanghai Fine Art Exhibition 2001, Shanghai Art Museum

 

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The original inspiration for my abstract work came from the Chinese ferula. When I saw those decomposed, ancient Chinese characters carved on the ferula, my thoughts and feelings about plants, life, history, culture, time, agony and so on all compounded in my being. And then in a short time, I expressed my feelings through brushwork that referred to the structure of the cell.
Jiang Weitao

 

 

 

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